Diet for Diabetics

Diabetes has become a very common chronic lifestyle disease. We all know at least one person in our families or close circle who is suffering from diabetes. The condition comes with its own set of downside just like the others. It puts several restrictions on what you eat, when you eat, what you do and more. Even though the condition today is easily manageable, it still claims quite a few lives every year as it leads to several other health ailments when not managed well, such as blindness, kidney failure, heart attacks, etc. Therefore, today we’ll talk about how you can manage your diabetes by making some alterations in your diet. Keep reading!

Diabetes and its types

Diabetes is a metabolic disease that spikes up the sugar levels in the blood. The hormone insulin is responsible for moving glucose (sugar) from the blood into the cells in the body to be stored or used as energy. Those who suffer from diabetes, their bodies either don’t make enough insulin or aren’t capable of using it effectively. Untreated diabetes can damage nerves, eyes, kidneys and other vital organs [1]

There are two major types of diabetes, namely, type 1 and type 2. 

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, meaning the immune system of the body attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. 

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin, which means it cannot use the insulin effectively and the sugar levels rise in the blood. 

Some general symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Increased hunger and thirst
  • Unexplained or unintentional weight loss
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurry vision
  • Fatigue
  • Sores that don’t heal

Food for Diabetics

Here’s a list of foods that lower blood sugar levels and help manage diabetes according to Ayurvedic literature. 

Amla

Indian gooseberry, commonly referred to as amla, is a potent Ayurvedic herb that’s enriched with vitamin C and essential antioxidants, which makes it one of the best foods for diabetics [2]. Amla is also rich in chromium, a mineral that helps metabolize carbohydrates and allows the body to respond to insulin that keeps blood sugar levels under control. Alma also contains a good amount of minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, and iron that are essential for the overall wellbeing. 

Karela

Karela or bitter gourd contains compounds that function similar to the insulin produced in the body. It is known to have promising effects in reducing the blood glucose levels in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. 

Daily consumption of karela juice can effectively manage your blood sugar levels and help you manage your condition [3].  

Jamun

Commonly referred to as Jamun, Indian blackberry is one of the best food for diabetes control. It has amazing antioxidant properties and is rich in a compound called jamboline that helps slow down the conversion of starch to sugar, which in turn reduces the levels of blood sugar thus controlling your diabetes [4].  

Fenugreek

Fenugreek, or methi, is considered to be a great addition to the diet for keeping blood sugar levels in check and improving insulin activities. These tiny seeds contain a rich amount of fibre that helps slow down the digestion process and regulate the absorption of carbohydrates and sugar [5]

Turmeric

Turmeric is a superfood and one of the most important medicinal spices in Ayurveda. It is loaded with antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties that are essential for managing diabetes and various other associated ailments. Several studies have shown that the active compound found in turmeric – curcumin – may help decrease the levels of glucose in the blood and reduce the risks of other associated health conditions, while improving your overall health [6].

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