According to a research study, it has been estimated that around 42 million people in India suffer from thyroid diseases. Underactive thyroid or Hypothyroidism is the most common thyroid disorder. It is a condition when your thyroid gland does not produce enough metabolic hormones. Initially, it won’t show noticeable symptoms, but if left untreated this condition may lead to several health problems such as obesity, joint pain, infertility and heart disease.
Hypothyroidism can be caused due to a number of factors such as autoimmune disease, over-response to hyperthyroidism treatments, radiation therapy, thyroid surgery and certain medications. In certain cases, it can be even caused due to congenital disease, pituitary disease, pregnancy, or iodine deficiency.
From the Ayurvedic perspective, stress contributes to an imbalance of Vata Dosha which is involved in all disease processes. When stress stems from high Tejas or overwork, it burns Ojas or immunity and vitality, causing auto-immune conditions to manifest. So, from the Ayurvedic perspective, all three Doshas are involved, but hypothyroidism can be seen primarily as a Kapha imbalance.
Unlike other treatment procedures, Ayurveda follows a holistic approach that focuses on treating the root cause of the symptoms not topically.
Ayurveda gives equal importance to diet and lifestyle changes for the best results, instead of focusing solely on medications and other modern treatments methods.
As Ayurveda focuses on the root cause of problems, it effectively minimizes the chances for severe health complications or recurrence of the disease in the future.
According to Ayurveda, there are 5 basic elements in the universe namely, Prithvi, Jala, Agni, Vayu, and Akasha. Based on this medicinal belief, there is a close connection between an individual’s body and nature. Therefore, when it comes to healing diseases, the focus is on healing the entire body, inside and out. The Agni element is closely related to a person’s metabolic system. When you have hypothyroidism, your Agni state is altered. In Hypothyroidism coating by Kapha Dosha, fat Dhathu prevents Pitta dosha (fire principle) in cellular level functions. Ayurveda Treatment is based on removing Kapha dosha and Fat Dhathu, thereby enabling the fire principle to perform better in metabolism.
The following herbs are proven to be effective in the treatment of hypothyroidism.
This process is performed using herbal decoction and herbal powders. It dissolves subcutaneous fat and stimulates the nervous system and glands.
Steaming and heating enable the removal of blockage of srothas (subtle energy channels).
This cleansing method is performed with the help of herbal purgatives that remove the coating of fire principle or Agni.
This procedure cleanses the lower alimentary canal, subtle channels or Srothas spread all over the body. It also removes the coating of fire principle caused by Kapha Dosha and Medas or fat Dhathu.
Nasya is a nasal treatment is done with Vacha (Acorus calamus) or other herbs beneficial for thyroid stimulation.
As Ayurveda adheres to the overall well-being of an individual, yoga and meditation also plays a prominent role in reducing stress and getting the best results from all medication. Yoga stimulates and normalizes the function of the thyroid glands.
The asanas specific for improving thyroid health include:
Ayurveda can effectively help in managing your hypothyroidism symptoms. However, always consult a registered Ayurvedic medical practitioner before starting any medication or treatment. A healthy diet, exercise and lifestyle are also mandatory for normalizing your thyroid function.