Panchakarma therapy is one of the vital therapies of Ayurvedic treatments. In Panchakarma, there are five therapies, viz Vamana, Vvirechana, Basti, Nasya and Raktamokshana. Out of these five therapies, Basti is considered to be the most important and effective therapy. It is considered as half the treatment of all the diseases in the body.
Basti is an enema therapy in which herbal oils or decoctions are administered inside the body. It is highly effective in pacifying Vata Dosha and treating Vata disorders in the body. There are two types of Basti namely, Niruha Basti and Anuvasana Basti.
Niruha Basti is an Ayurvedic enema therapy in which herbal decoctions or Kashya are administered to remove toxins from the body. Therefore, it is also known as Kashya Basti. It is different from Anuvasana Basti, since in Niruha Basti, herbal decoctions are used instead of medicated oils.
Niruha therapy is used to pacify aggravated Vata Dosha and eliminate morbid diseases in the body. It is highly beneficial to promote longevity and youthfulness by enhancing the lifespan of all the cells of the body.
In Niruha Basti, medicated decoctions are prepared after an analysis of the Dosha imbalance and the diseases or body conditions of the patient. Although the herbs used in Niruha Basti will depend on the patient, the common constituents are honey, rock salt, ghee and Ayurvedic herbs. The dosage of the Kashya depends on many factors such as age, the severity of the disease, etc.
The herbal decoction, once prepared, is administered through the urethral, anal or vaginal route. It is best administered on an empty stomach when Vata is more predominant. After being absorbed by the large intestine, the herbal decoction prompts the colon to eliminate the toxins and Vata-related impurities from the body.
Pacifies Vata Dosha: Although Niruha Basti can help to expel all the vitiated Doshas, it is most effective in pacifying the aggravated Vata Dosha in the body. According to Ayurveda, Vata is the king of Doshas and a majority of diseases are caused due to Vata imbalance. Therefore, balancing Vata is extremely important to stay healthy.
Detoxifies the Body: Niruha Basti is a cleansing therapy that helps to remove harmful toxins from the body. The colon plays a central role in the detoxification of the body. Niruha Basti prompts the colon to remove toxins through urination and bowel movements.
Treats Half of the Diseases: Basti aids in the treatment of a majority of diseases as it helps to expel the aggravated Doshas from the body and provide nourishment to the tissues. Therefore, Ayurveda mentions Basti as Ardhachikitsa. It means that it is effective in treating half of all the diseases in the body.
Boosts Digestion: Niruha Basti can help the colon to remove waste products from the body. It helps to improve constipation and stimulate the digestive tract, thereby improving digestion. By cleaning the colon, Niruha Basti also aids in better absorption of nutrients in the body.
Improves Metabolism: By cleansing the intestines, Niruha Basti helps to reduce bloating and improve metabolic activities in the body.
Boost Nervous System: Niruha Basti helps to regulate serotonin levels and stimulate the nervous system in the body. Therefore, it helps to boost various neurological and psychological activities.
Niruha Basti helps eliminate excess Vata from the body and therefore, is mostly used to treat Vata disorders. Some conditions in which Niruha Basti can be proven highly beneficial are listed below:
Niruha Basti should not be done in the following conditions:
Niruha Basti is a Panchakarma therapy that helps to eliminate vitiated Vata from the body through an enema. It helps the colon remove toxins from the body and treat many diseases such as chronic fatigue, rheumatism, osteoporosis, chronic constipation, etc. According to Ayurveda, Niruha Basti can promote longevity and youthfulness in the patient.
This article is reviewed by Dr. Ashwini Konnur