Yashtimadhu or Glycyrrhiza glabra is commonly known as licorice, a shrub native to the Mediterranean and central Asia. The Sanskrit name of Glycyrrhiza glabra is Yashtimadhu. Since ages, it has been used medically for treating conditions like digestive conditions, cough, infection, sore throat and others.
In Greek, “glykos” means sweet, and “rhiza” means root. Glycyrrhiza glabra is a shrub of the Fabaceae family. It is commonly known as mulethi or jethimadhu. It is native to the southern, central and Mediterranean Russia, and Asia. The plant is cultivated in subtropical climates and grows about 6 feet in height. It has long compound leaves bearings leaflets, spikes with lilac-colored flowers with bean-like pods having three to four seeds.
In the ancient history of Ayurveda, Glycyrrhiza glabra is one of the most widely used medicinal herbs. The roots of the plant are mostly used for medicinal purpose. It is used for curing several conditions like anemia, sore throat, cough, fever, diarrhea, and others.
Glycyrrhiza glabra can be used to treat the following conditions:
Studies have demonstrated the following medicinal properties of Glycyrrhiza glabra:
Glycyrrhiza glabra is usually harmless if consumed in recommended doses. Consuming a large amount of Glycyrrhiza glabra for long term may lead to certain side effects, such as:
The recommended dose of Glycyrrhiza glabra is 1 to 4 grams per day. However, the dose may vary depending on the person’s age and health condition. Individuals with the following conditions should avoid consuming Glycyrrhiza glabra:
Pregnancy: Pregnant women should avoid consuming Glycyrrhiza glabra as it may lead to early delivery or miscarriage.
High blood pressure: Glycyrrhiza glabra may raise blood pressure. Therefore, individuals with high blood pressure should avoid taking the herb.
Hormone-sensitive condition: The herb may act like estrogen and worsen conditions like breast cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, uterine fibroids, and endometriosis.
Hypertonia: Glycyrrhiza glabra lower down the potassium level in the blood and may worsen the condition.
Undergoing surgery: A person should avoid consuming Glycyrrhiza glabra at least 2 weeks before the planned surgery as it may interfere with the blood pressure control.