Beyond Stigma, Unravelling the Myths Surrounding HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS - Myth vs. Reality: Understanding the Truth

HIV can be transmitted through casual contact.

HIV is primarily spread through unprotected sexual intercourse, sharing of needles among intravenous drug users. It is not transmitted through casual contact such as hugging, shaking hands, or sharing food.

You can get HIV from mosquito bites.

HIV is not transmitted by mosquitoes or other insects. It is a blood borne virus that is spread through specific human activities involving the exchange of certain body fluids.

HIV can be transmitted through kissing.

HIV is not spread through saliva. Kissing, even with an open mouth, is considered a low-risk activity. However, if there are open sores or bleeding gums, there may be a minimal risk.

You can tell if someone has HIV by looking at them.

You cannot determine if someone is HIV-positive based on their appearance. HIV affects people from all walks of life, and many individuals with HIV may look and feel healthy. The only way to know for sure is through testing.

Correct and consistent use of condoms is highly effective in preventing the sexual transmission of HIV. Condoms act as a barrier that prevents the exchange of bodily fluids that can contain the virus.