Cotton Plant: Medicinal Usage and Health Benefits in Ayurveda

Uses of Cotton Plant Medicinal Usage and Health Benefits in Ayurveda


Levant cotton plant, also known as Karpasa, is a medicinal plant used in many Ayurvedic treatments. This versatile plant can be used for its seeds, roots and leaves. It offers myriad health benefits and therapeutic uses to the body and mind. Cotton seeds are known to be excellent aphrodisiacs and nerve tonic, whereas the root bark of cotton is popular in the treatment of amenorrhea. 

Ayurvedic Properties of Cotton Plant

The root bark of cotton plants exhibits Laghu (light to digest) and Theekshana (strong and piercing) properties, whereas cotton seeds exhibit Snigdha (oily, unctuous) properties. 

The Rasa or taste of the cotton plant is Katu or pungent. The root bark also has Kashaya or astringent taste.

The Veerya or potency of the root bark of the cotton plant is hot, whereas the seeds of the cotton plant are known to be Sheeta or coolant in nature. 

Given these medicinal properties, cotton plants are known to be beneficial in pacifying Vata and Pitta Dosha in the body.

Medicinal Uses and Health Benefits of Cotton Plant

According to Ayurveda, the seeds of the cotton plant are used in the treatment of the following health conditions:

  • Vata disorders such as paralysis, constipation, bloating, etc. 
  • Tiredness and fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Loss of consciousness 
  • Cardiac problems

The root and root barks of the cotton plant are used to treat the following health problems:

  • Earache
  • Tinnitus
  • Excessive thirst
  • Burning sensation experienced in gastritis, eye disorders, etc.

Cotton Leaf Medicinal Uses

While cotton leaves are not extensively researched or advised in modern medicine, they have historically been utilized for a variety of therapeutic purposes in several cultures.

Cotton leaves have been utilized traditionally in medicine for the following purposes:

  • Fever: To lower fever, certain cultures employed extracts from cotton leaves.
  • Inflammation: They were applied topically to reduce inflammation or treat skin conditions.
  • Wound Healing: In some cases, cotton leaf extracts were applied to wounds to promote healing, possibly due to their potential antimicrobial properties.

Benefits of the Cotton Plant

Cotton Seeds: Using them can help with respiratory problems. They are thought to have expectorant qualities, which aid in removing respiratory tract congestion and phlegm. Coughs and bronchitis are treated with infusions or decoctions prepared from cotton seeds.

Anti-Inflammatory Properties: The anti-inflammatory properties and uses of cotton leaves are well-known. Cotton leaves health benefits go from treating the skin to reducing swelling and inflammation in ailments including arthritis, joint pain, and skin inflammations, by applying in the form of poultices or compresses. 

Wound Healing: The ability of cotton root extracts to heal wounds has long been recognized. They are topically given to wounds to promote healing and stave against infections.

Digestive Health: Cottonseed oil is occasionally used in small doses in Ayurveda to promote better digestion. It’s thought to have a slight laxative effect that facilitates easier bowel motions.

Benefits for Skin: Cottonseed oil’s emollient and hydrating qualities make it a popular ingredient in skincare products. It is used in cream and lotion compositions to help soothe dry, irritated skin.

Menstrual Health: According to certain traditional beliefs, preparations from cotton roots can help ease the discomfort associated with menstruation and regulate menstrual cycles.

Side Effects of Cotton Plant

Cotton plants are usually safe for consumption, but the root bark decoctions should not be used during pregnancy as they can contract the uterus. However, it can be consumed by lactating mothers or children. People with kidney problems should also avoid consuming cotton seeds or root bark. 


Because some cotton plant components contain potentially hazardous substances, using cotton plants medicinally requires caution and knowledge. Here are some safety measures to think about:

Identify the Plant: Make sure you are working with the right species of cotton plant. While some species of Gossypium are employed in textiles, others have therapeutic benefits. Verify the species and seek advice from an expert if necessary.

Speak with a Herbalist or Expert: Before employing cotton plants for therapeutic purposes, get advice from a herbalist, botanist, or other healthcare practitioner versed in herbal medicine.

Avoid Eating Raw Cotton: Eating raw cotton or cottonseed might be dangerous since they contain chemicals that are damaging to the body, such as gossypol.

Utilize Processed Forms: Cotton is typically used in processed forms, such as cottonseed oil, or after gossypol has been removed, when used as a medicinal plant. Still, this needs to be carried out under the supervision of an expert.

Be Careful with Dosage: Make sure you adhere closely to the suggested dosage while utilizing cotton-based therapies under a doctor’s supervision. Negative effects may result from misuse or overuse.

Keep an eye out for Allergic Reactions: Cotton or its derivatives may cause allergies in certain people. Watch out for allergic reactions when applying topically or ingesting.

Knowledge of Side Effects: Recognize the potential negative effects of using medications derived from cotton. Certain sections of the plant contain gossypol, which can harm male fertility and create gastrointestinal problems.


The dosage of a cotton plant depends on a number of factors like the individual’s age, health conditions and more. While there isn’t enough scientific data available at this time to establish a suitable dosage range for cotton, remember that doses can matter and that natural products aren’t always safe. Before using, be sure to read the product labels carefully and speak with your doctor, pharmacist, or other healthcare provider.


The cotton plant is a highly beneficial Ayurvedic herb. It helps in the treatment of various diseases such as paralysis, constipation, heart problems, earache, tinnitus, etc. Consumption of cotton in the correct proportion and method can yield numerous health benefits to the body.



Livayur Ayurvedic Team

The LivAyur Team includes more than 10 Ayurveda specialists, with more than 20 years of experience. They have a deep understanding of Ayurveda and are committed to sharing their expertise through our blogs, videos, live sessions, and consultations. Our experts also stay updated & monitor on the latest developments in health and wellness.