Hernia: What is Hernia, Causes, Diagnosis, Prevention, and Treatment

This article is reviewed by an expert

What is Hernia - livayur
Hernia is a condition in which an organ or tissue protrudes through a weak spot in the muscle or connective tissue that surrounds it. This condition can occur in different parts of the body, but it is most common in the abdomen, groin, and upper thigh. Hernias can cause discomfort, pain, and other complications, and they require prompt medical attention.[1]

In this blog, we will discuss what hernia is, its causes, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment, in Ayurveda.

What is a Hernia?

Hernia or Antra Vriddhi is a medical condition that occurs when an organ or tissue bulges through a weak point in the surrounding muscle or tissue. It is most commonly seen in the abdominal wall and inguinal region, but it can also occur in the diaphragm, femoral region, and other areas of the body.[2]

Causes of Hernia

There are several factors that can lead to the development of hernia, including:[2] [3]

  • Weakness in the abdominal muscles due to age, injury, or surgery.
  • Chronic cough or sneezing that puts pressure on the abdominal wall.
  • Straining during bowel movements or urination.
  • Obesity and overweight.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Family history of hernias.

Diagnosis of Hernia

The diagnosis of Hernia or Antra Vriddhi typically involves a physical examination, medical history, and imaging tests such as ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI. Your doctor will look for a bulge or swelling in the affected area and may ask you to cough or strain to see if the bulge becomes more prominent.[1]

Prevention of Hernia

While some hernias cannot be prevented, there are several steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing this condition, such as:[1]

  • Maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Eating a high-fibre diet to avoid constipation.
  • Quitting smoking to reduce coughing.
  • Avoiding heavy lifting or using proper lifting techniques.
  • Wearing supportive undergarments during exercise.
  • Seeking prompt medical attention for any persistent cough or abdominal pain.

Treatment of Hernia in Ayurveda

Ayurvedic remedies for hernia are considered safe and effective. However, it is always recommended to consult an Ayurvedic practitioner before starting any treatment.

Massage with Herbal Oils:

massage with herbal oils - hernia treatment

Ayurvedic practitioners suggest massaging the affected area with warm herbal oils like mustard oil [4] or sesame oil. Massaging the area can improve blood circulation, reduce inflammation, and relieve pain. The massage should be done in a gentle circular motion and should not put pressure on the hernia. [5]

Herbal Medicines:

Ayurvedic medicines are made from natural herbs and have been used for centuries to treat various ailments, including hernia. Some of the commonly used herbs in Ayurvedic medicines for hernia are:

Triphala: It is a combination of three fruits – Amla, Haritaki, and Bibhitaki. It is known to improve digestion, reduce inflammation, and strengthen the abdominal muscles.[6]

Varuna: Also scientifically known as Crataeva nurvala is a herb used in Ayurvedic medicine to treat urinary disorders and abdominal pain. It is believed to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties and can help reduce the swelling and pain associated with hernia.[7]

Guggulu: It is a resin obtained from the Mukul myrrh tree and is known for its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. Guggulu is believed to strengthen the connective tissues and improve blood circulation.[8]

Dietary Changes:

dietary changes - hernia treatment
Ayurvedic practitioners recommend a high-fibre diet to prevent constipation, which can put pressure on the abdominal wall and increase the risk of hernia. Foods like whole grains, fruits, and vegetables are rich in fibre and can help prevent constipation. Ayurveda also recommends avoiding spicy, fried, and processed foods, which can aggravate the symptoms of hernia.[9]

Yoga and Pranayama:

pranayama - hernia treatment
Yoga and pranayama can help strengthen the abdominal muscles and reduce the risk of hernia. Vajrasana, Ushtrasana, Paschimottanasana, Pawanmuktasana, Utthanpadasana, Matsyasana, and Sarvangasana are beneficial due to their ability to compress the inguinal canal, strengthen the abdominal muscles, and reduce intra-abdominal pressure.[10]


1. Are Ayurvedic remedies safe for treating hernia?
Ayurvedic remedies for hernia are considered safe and effective. However, it is always recommended to consult an Ayurvedic practitioner before starting any treatment.

2. Can hernias go away on their own?
In most cases, hernias will not go away on their own and require medical attention. The condition may worsen over time, causing more discomfort and increasing the risk of complications.

3. Can Ayurvedic remedies alone cure hernias?
While Ayurvedic remedies can help alleviate symptoms and prevent complications, they may not be sufficient to cure a hernia. It is always recommended to seek medical attention and follow the prescribed treatment plan for the best results.

4. Are there any complications associated with hernias?
Yes, hernias can cause several complications, such as obstruction, strangulation, or incarceration of the protruding organ or tissue. In severe cases, hernias can also lead to infection or tissue death.

5. What are the common symptoms of hernias?
The most common symptoms of hernias include a bulge or swelling in the affected area, pain or discomfort, weakness or pressure in the abdomen or groin, and a feeling of heaviness or dragging sensation.


Hernia is a common medical condition that can cause discomfort, pain, and other complications. While some hernias cannot be prevented, there are several steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing this condition, including maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding heavy lifting, and seeking prompt medical attention for any persistent cough or abdominal pain. Ayurveda offers many remedies and treatments to manage the symptoms in the event you develop a Hernia. It is however crucial to seek medical help immediately instead of administering treatments on your own.

Disclaimer: The information provided here is generic and only for informational purposes, please consult a trained medical practitioner every time before initiating any treatment.


  1. Inguinal Hernia (nih.gov)
  2. A direct Inguinal Hernia Repair -A Case Report
  3. View of Ayurveda and Modern View on “Inguinal Hernia” and its Therapeutic Management (hjhs.co.in)
  4. Ultrasonic Studies on Mustard Oil: A Critical Review (ijsr.net)
  5. Role of Sesame Oil Abhyanga in Daily Routine as a Preventative Measure in Vatavydhi (researchgate.net)
  6. Therapeutic Uses of Triphala in Ayurvedic Medicine – PMC (nih.gov)
  7. The-Varuna-tree-Crataeva-nurvala-a-promising-plant-in-the-treatment-of-urinary-stones-A-review.pdf (researchgate.net)
  8. An Ayurvedic Polyherbal Formulation Kaishore Guggulu: A Review (researchgate.net)
  9. Pathyapathyavinishchaya – An Ayurveda treatise on wholesome diet and lifestyle
  10. Effect of yoga therapy in reversible inguinal hernia: A quasi experimental study – PMC (nih.gov)

Dr. Shankar Rao

Dr. Rao has achieved great success in his career, with 5 research projects and 4 books to his credit, as well as a Monograph. In addition to receiving the Bharat Scout & Guide Award from the President of India, Dr Rao has also won the Young Scientist Award from S.V. University, Tirupati.