Leucorrhoea: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Ayurvedic Treatment

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Symptoms of Leucorrhoea

Leucorrhoea also referred to as Sweta Pradara in Ayurvedic literatures, is a common gynaecological condition that affects many women worldwide. It refers to a thick, whitish or yellowish vaginal discharge that may occur due to various reasons. While it is normal for women to have a certain amount of vaginal discharge, excessive or abnormal discharge can be a sign of an underlying issue. [1] [2] In this article, we will explore the symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and Ayurvedic treatment options for leucorrhoea.

Symptoms of Leucorrhoea

primary symptom of leucorrhoea

The primary symptom of leucorrhoea is an abnormal vaginal discharge(Yonigata Shweta Strava). The discharge may be thick, sticky, and have a foul odour. It can vary in colour from white to yellow or greenish. [3] [4] Other common symptoms include:

  • Itching or irritation in the vaginal area(Yoni kandu)
  • Redness and inflammation of the vulva
  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Lower back pain(Katishul) or abdominal discomfort
  • Weakness or fatigue(Shrama)

Causes of Leucorrhoea

Several factors can contribute to the development of leucorrhoea. Some of the common causes include:


Bacterial, fungal, or parasitic infections such as yeast infections, bacterial vaginosis, or trichomoniasis can lead to abnormal vaginal discharge. [4] [5]

Hormonal Imbalance

Fluctuations in hormone levels, particularly estrogen, can disrupt the natural balance of vaginal flora and result in leucorrhoea. [4] [5]

Poor Hygiene

Inadequate or improper hygiene practices can create an environment conducive to bacterial growth and vaginal infections. [4] [5]

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

STIs such as gonorrhoea, chlamydia, or genital herpes can cause leucorrhoea as one of their symptoms. [4] [5]

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

PID, usually caused by untreated or recurrent infections, can result in leucorrhoea along with pelvic pain and inflammation. [4] [5]

Kapha Dosha

Based on the clinical features of Vaginal Discharge(Shweta Pradara), it is identified as a Kaphaja disorder affecting the Apana Vayu region. Any type of discharge (Srava) is a result of an imbalance in the Kapha dosha. Therefore, when Kapha becomes aggravated due to various factors, it leads to a white discharge through the vagina. This is primarily caused by the Drava (liquidity) property and Rasadushthi (vitiation of the bodily fluids) brought about by the imbalanced Kapha. [1] [2]

Diagnosis of Leucorrhoea

If you experience abnormal vaginal discharge or any associated symptoms, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis. During the diagnosis, the following steps may be involved:

Medical History

The doctor will inquire about your medical history, including any previous episodes of leucorrhoea or gynaecological issues. [3] [4]

Physical Examination

A pelvic examination will be performed to check for any signs of infection, inflammation, or abnormal discharge. [3] [4]

Laboratory Tests

Vaginal swabs or samples may be collected to identify the underlying cause of leucorrhoea. These samples are analyzed in a laboratory for the presence of bacteria, fungi, or other pathogens. [3] [4]

Ayurvedic Treatment for Leucorrhoea

Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine, offers holistic approaches to treating various health conditions, including leucorrhoea. The treatment aims to balance the doshas (energies) in the body and promote overall well-being. Here are some Ayurvedic treatments that can help manage leucorrhoea:

Oral Treatments

Ayurvedic literature prescribes several Oral Treatments for Sweta Pradara(Vaginal Discharge) based on the individual’s constitution and condition. Here are some of them:

  1. Pestled roots of Rohataka(Tecoma undulata) should be taken with water. [1]
  2. Darvyadi(Barberis aristata) decoction. [1]
  3. Paste or powder of Amalakior seed of Amalaki(Emblica officinalisGaertn.) should be taken with honey and sugar. [1]
  4. Paste of Lodhra(Symplocos racemosa Roxb.) should be taken with decoction of stem bark of Nyagrodh(Ficus bengalensis L.) [1]
  5. Nagakeshar(Mesua ferreaL.) with Takra(buttermilk) followed by a diet of only cooked rice and Takra.[1]

External Ayurvedic Treatments

Ayurveda offers various external treatments that can help in the management of leucorrhoea. Yoni Pichu is one such procedure in which a cotton pad soaked in medicated oil is placed in the vagina for a specific duration. This helps in soothing the vaginal tissues, reducing discharge, and promoting healing. [6] Another procedure named Yoni Prakshalana, involves gentle cleansing of the vagina with medicated decoctions such as the stem bark of Lodhra (Symplocos racemosa Roxb.), and decoction of stem bark of Vata(Ficus bengalensis L.) is also an effective treatment for the condition. [1]

Ayurvedic Diet and Lifestyle

Ayurvedic Diet and Lifestyle for leucorrhoea

Following a healthy diet and lifestyle practices is crucial in managing leucorrhoea. Avoiding spicy, fried, and processed foods can help reduce inflammation and improve overall vaginal health. Regular exercise, adequate rest, and stress management techniques like yoga and meditation can also contribute to balancing hormones and strengthening the immune system.

Personal Hygiene

Maintaining proper personal hygiene is crucial for managing and preventing leucorrhoea. Regularly washing the genital area with mild, pH-balanced cleansers and avoiding the use of scented products or harsh soaps can help maintain the natural balance of vaginal flora.

Stress Management

Ayurvedic treatment for Leucorrhoea

Chronic stress can disrupt hormone levels and weaken the immune system, making the body more susceptible to infections. Practising stress management techniques, such as deep breathing exercises, relaxation techniques, and engaging in activities that promote mental well-being, can aid in the treatment of leucorrhoea.

It is important to note that Ayurvedic treatments should be pursued under the guidance of a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner. They will assess your unique constitution and customize a treatment plan according to your needs.

Preventive Measures for Leucorrhoea

Prevention plays a crucial role in managing leucorrhoea and maintaining vaginal health. Here are some preventive measures that can be followed:

Maintain proper genital hygiene

Clean the genital area with mild, pH-balanced cleansers and avoid douching or using harsh soaps.

Wear breathable underwear

Choose cotton underwear that allows proper air circulation to reduce moisture and promote vaginal health.

Avoid tight-fitting clothes

Wearing tight-fitting clothes can lead to increased moisture and decreased air circulation, creating an environment conducive to infections.

Practise safe sex

Use barrier methods of contraception, such as condoms, to prevent sexually transmitted infections that can lead to leucorrhoea.

Follow a healthy diet

Incorporate a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins to support overall health and strengthen the immune system.


1. Can leucorrhoea be a sign of an infection?
Yes, leucorrhoea can be caused by infections such as yeast infections (Candidiasis), bacterial vaginosis, or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) like trichomoniasis. It is important to consult a healthcare provider for an accurate diagnosis if an infection is suspected.

2. Can Ayurvedic treatment cure leucorrhoea?
Ayurvedic treatment can help manage and alleviate the symptoms of leucorrhoea by addressing the underlying imbalances in the body. However, the effectiveness of the treatment may vary depending on the individual and the severity of the condition. It is recommended to consult a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner for personalised treatment.

3. Can leucorrhoea recur after treatment?
Leucorrhoea can recur if the underlying causes are not addressed properly. It is important to follow the treatment plan recommended by a healthcare provider and make necessary lifestyle changes to minimize the chances of recurrence.

4. Can Ayurvedic treatment for leucorrhoea be used during pregnancy?
Pregnant women should exercise caution when considering any treatment, including Ayurvedic remedies. It is crucial to consult with a qualified healthcare provider before starting any treatment during pregnancy to ensure the safety of both the mother and the developing baby.

5. How long does Ayurvedic treatment for leucorrhoea take to show results?
The duration of Ayurvedic treatment for leucorrhoea may vary depending on individual factors, such as the severity of the condition, overall health, and adherence to the treatment plan. It is important to follow the recommended treatment protocol consistently and be patient, as the healing process takes time.


Leucorrhoea is a common condition that can cause discomfort and concern among women. Understanding its symptoms, causes, and diagnostic methods is essential for timely intervention and appropriate treatment. Ayurveda offers a holistic approach to managing leucorrhoea by addressing the root cause and promoting overall well-being. By incorporating Ayurvedic treatments, following preventive measures, and maintaining good personal hygiene, women can effectively manage leucorrhoea and improve their vaginal health. However, it is always advisable to consult with a healthcare professional or an Ayurvedic practitioner for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan.

Disclaimer: This Article is for informative purposes only and does not constitute medical advice. Kindly contact a medical professional before attempting any treatments mentioned in the article yourself.


  1. View of Ayurvedic Concept Of Leucorrhoea: Sweta Pradara (ijapr.in)
  2. Management of Shweta Pradara (Leucorrhoea) Through Ayurveda- A Case Series | International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research (ijapr.in)
  3. Vaginal discharge (researchgate.net)
  4. Clinical Review: Vaginal discharge – PMC (nih.gov)
  5. ABC of sexually transmitted infections: Vaginal discharge—causes, diagnosis, and treatment – PMC (nih.gov)
  6. View of Clinical efficacy of Karanj Tail Yoni Pichu in the management of Shwetapradar w.s.r. to Leucorrhoea | Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (jaims.in)