Jackfruit: What It Is, Nutrition, Benefits, Uses, Side Effects & More

This article is reviewed by an expert


Have you ever eaten a jackfruit?

Known for being the largest edible fruit in the world, jackfruit is popular not only in India but also in many other parts of the world (1).

It is rich in nutrients like carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals that help provide the fruit with numerous medicinal properties (1).

Let’s find out more about the benefits, uses and side effects of jackfruit and include this incredible fruit into our diet. 

Nutritional Content of Jackfruit (2)

Research has found that jackfruit is a healthy source of vitamin C, potassium, dietary fibre, protein, carbohydrates, magnesium and many other essential vitamins and minerals.

Jackfruit in Ayurveda (3)

Ayurveda has always vouched for the benefits of jackfruit. It uses the many parts of the jackfruit plant for treating diseases and disorders.

Its roots are used in Ayurveda for treating diarrhoea and skin diseases, while its leaves are used in fever, boils, wounds, skin diseases and vitiated conditions of Vata and Pitta Dosha. Unripe fruits of jackfruit are also used in the vitiated conditions of Vata and Pitta, as well as for treating ulcers. 

Various parts of the plant are also used in Ayurveda to treat toothache, stomach problems, sores, sterility in women and postnatal issues.

The Many Benefits of Eating Jackfruit

jackfruit benefits - livayur

Heart Health (4) (2) (10)

Primary Benefits: According to research, jackfruit seeds can help reduce levels of LDL or bad cholesterol and raise levels of HDL or good cholesterol. In addition, jackfruit is also rich in potassium that helps counteract the effects of sodium and reduces tension in the walls of blood vessels, thereby reducing blood pressure levels.

Secondary Benefits: With this, jackfruit may help prevent and treat cardiovascular diseases including hypertension and boost overall heart health. 

Diabetes Management

Primary Benefits: Researchers have found that the flavonoids present in the leaves of jackfruit may help prevent cell death in the pancreas, thereby improving the levels of insulin in the body (5). A study has also suggested that extracts from the jackfruit tree bark contain certain chemicals that prevent the breakdown of fats and complex carbohydrates into sugars (6).

Secondary Benefits: As such, jackfruit can help prevent and manage diabetes. 

Anti-Cancer Effects

Primary Benefits: Jackfruit is rich in phytochemicals like flavonoids that are known for their antioxidant properties. Therefore, jackfruit helps fight free radicals or oxidative stress that plays an important role in the development of cancer (11).

Secondary Benefits: Research also suggests that jackfruit seeds may help inhibit the growth of new blood vessels from growing around cancerous cells, thereby cutting off their blood supply and growth (12). 

Digestive Health (13) (14)

Primary Benefits: Jackfruit is an excellent source of both soluble and insoluble fibre. In addition, jackfruit also contains several phytonutrients that may help prevent sores in the stomach or ulcers from forming.

Secondary Benefits: As a result, jackfruit can help reduce acid in the stomach, treat constipation, regulate bowel movements and prevent ulcers. 

Sleep Benefits (8) (9)

Primary Benefits: Jackfruit is an excellent source of magnesium. Research has found that taking magnesium may help improve sleep.

Secondary Benefits: As such, jackfruit can help treat insomnia and many other sleep disorders. 

How To Use Jackfruit? 

Both the seeds and fruits of jackfruit are edible and can be used in several recipes in your daily diet. 

You can add jackfruit seeds to cooked dishes or make them into candies. 

Ripe jackfruits can be added to salads and curries or cooked with other vegetables. They can also be made into desserts. You can also use jackfruit pulp to make jackfruit chips. 

Side Effects of Jackfruit (15)

Jackfruit is usually safe. However, if you are pregnant or have any underlying medical condition, it is recommended to consult your doctor before adding any fruit or vegetable to your diet. 

Jackfruit is also not advised for the following people:

  • People with pollen allergy
  • People with chronic kidney diseases or acute kidney failure

The Final Takeaway

Jackfruit is one of the best fruits to prevent and manage diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, gastric ulcers and insomnia. Rich in essential vitamins and minerals, it helps boost your overall health. 


  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339770/
  2. https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/174687/nutrients
  3. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/341568393_International_Journal_of_Ayurveda_and_Pharma_Research_Review_Article_A_CRITICAL_AYURVEDIC_LITERARY_REVIEW_OF_THE_PLANT_PANASA_ARTOCARPUS_HETEROPHYLLUS_LAM
  4. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Plasma-Lipid-Profiles-and-Atherogenic-Indices-of-at-Okafor-Ezeanyika/40dc61cc216efcaa19e2609429b65a3909dd8f1e?p2df
  5. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21479350
  6. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221618916301172
  7. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/d5c0/67efca6a605cfebce2ad4b6a8a702887ccca.pdf
  8. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6910806/
  9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8053283/
  10. https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/high-blood-pressure/changes-you-can-make-to-manage-high-blood-pressure/how-potassium-can-help-control-high-blood-pressure
  11. http://www.aicr.org/press/health-features/health-talk/2015/11-november/phytochemicals-antioxidants-health.html
  12. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169115310303
  13. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8203736/
  14. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339770/
  15. https://health.clevelandclinic.org/what-is-jackfruit-and-is-it-healthy/

Dr. Deepa Kadam

Dr. Deepa has over 25 years of experience making her one of the notable medical professionals in the field of Ayurveda with expertise in Ayurvedic pharmacology.