Hyperglycemia (High Blood Sugar): Meaning, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

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Have you ever experienced a feeling of extreme thirst, blurry vision, or a constant need to urinate? These could be signs of high blood sugar or hyperglycemia. The condition occurs when too much glucose or sugar is in the bloodstream, which can lead to serious health complications if left untreated.

This article explores everything you need to know about hyperglycemia, including its meaning, symptoms, causes, and treatment options. Whether you or someone you know is living with or looking to learn more about blood sugar levels, this guide will provide valuable information to help you better understand this condition.

What is hyperglycemia?

Hyperglycemia means having too much sugar or glucose in your bloodstream. Normally, our bodies break down the carbohydrates we consume into glucose, which is then used by our cells for energy. However, in cases of hyperglycemia, the glucose cannot enter the cells properly and instead accumulates in the bloodstream. [1]

Hyperglycemia is most commonly associated with diabetes. It is a condition where the body has difficulty producing or using insulin, a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar levels. [1] Hyperglycemia can damage blood vessels and organs over time. Monitoring blood sugar levels regularly and taking action if they become too high is crucial. [2]

What are the symptoms of hyperglycemia?

If you’re experiencing hyperglycemia, your body will give you a few tell-tale signs. Here are some common symptoms of high blood sugar levels:

  • Increased thirst
  • Your body will compensate for the high blood sugar levels by trying to flush out the excess glucose through urine. It can make you feel dehydrated and thirsty. [3]

  • Frequent urination
  • As your body tries to eliminate excess glucose through urine, you may need to urinate more often. [3]

  • Lethargy
  • You may feel lethargic or sluggish when your body can’t use glucose properly for energy. [1]

  • Weight loss
  • In some cases, high blood sugar levels can cause weight loss despite increased appetite. [1]

  • Altered mental status
  • In extreme cases, severe hyperglycemia can cause confusion, difficulty concentrating, and even loss of consciousness. [1]

    What are the causes of hyperglycemia?

    Let’s take a look at some common factors that contribute to hyperglycemia:

  • Diabetes
  • Diabetes is the most common cause of hyperglycemia. In type 1 diabetes, the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, while in type 2 diabetes, the body doesn’t use insulin properly. [1]

  • Medications
  • Certain medications, like glucocorticoids and phenytoin, can lead to hyperglycemia. [1]

    causes of hyperglycemia - Medications

  • Endocrine disorders
  • Cushing syndrome and pheochromocytoma can lead to hyperglycemia. [1]

  • Illness or infection
  • When you’re sick or have an infection, your body releases stress hormones that can cause blood sugar levels to rise. [4]

  • Stress
  • When you’re under stress, your body tends to release hormones that can cause blood sugar levels to increase. [4]

    Diet and lifestyle changes to cure hyperglycemia

    Ayurveda offers some natural remedies for managing hyperglycemia. Here are some possible diet and lifestyle changes to cure high blood sugar levels:

  • Herbs
  • Certain herbs, such as bitter melon, cinnamon, and fenugreek, are believed to help regulate blood sugar levels. [5] Furthermore, ginger has proven antidiabetic and related beneficial effects. [8] These herbs can be taken in supplement form or added to your diet.

  • Yoga and meditation
  • Hatha yoga and Raja yoga can improve insulin sensitivity. It helps lower blood sugar levels. [6]

    yoga and meditation - hyperglycemia treatment

  • Diet
  • Ayurveda focuses on the importance of a balanced diet that includes whole grains, vegetables, and lean proteins. Avoid processed foods and sugar.

  • Lifestyle changes
  • Regular exercise and adequate sleep can also help improve blood sugar control. [7]


  • What is the meaning of hyperglycemia?
  • Hyperglycemia is a condition with an abnormally high level of sugar (glucose) in the blood. [1]

  • What is the difference between hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia?
  • Hypoglycemia refers to low blood sugar levels, while hyperglycemia refers to high blood sugar levels. The symptoms and causes of the two conditions differ.

  • What are the signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia?
  • Some of the common ones are hyperglycemia include frequent urination, increased thirst, weight loss, and altered mental status. [3]


    Hyperglycemia is a common condition that can occur due to diabetes, medication, illness, and hormonal imbalances. The symptoms of hyperglycemia can range from mild to severe, and it’s important to seek medical attention if you experience any of them.

    Ayurveda offers natural remedies for managing high blood sugar levels, such as herbs, yoga and meditation, and lifestyle changes. Working with your healthcare provider to develop an individualized treatment plan that works best for you is important. Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels, lifestyle changes, and a balanced diet can help manage hyperglycemia.

    Disclaimer : The information provided here is not intended to replace professional medical advice or treatment.


    1. Hyperglycemia. 28 April 2022
    2. Diabetes – long-term effects.
    3. Symptoms and Blood Glucose Levels in Diabetics. 15 March 1985
    4. Hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar).
    5. Natural Health Products and Diabetes: A Practical Review.
    6. Risk Indices Associated with the Insulin Resistance Syndrome, Cardiovascular Disease, and Possible Protection with Yoga: A Systematic Review. November 2005
    7. Exercise in Individuals With IDDM.
    8. Indian Herbs and Herbal Drugs Used for the Treatment of Diabetes.

    Livayur Ayurvedic Team

    The LivAyur Team includes more than 10 Ayurveda specialists, with more than 20 years of experience. They have a deep understanding of Ayurveda and are committed to sharing their expertise through our blogs, videos, live sessions, and consultations. Our experts also stay updated & monitor on the latest developments in health and wellness.