12 Surprising Health Benefits of Eggplant

This article is reviewed by an expert

Health Benefits of Eggplant

Eggplant, also known as brinjal or aubergine, is a popular vegetable known for its unique shape and vibrant colour. Beyond its culinary uses, eggplant offers a range of surprising health benefits that have been recognized in Ayurvedic medicine for centuries. In this article, we will explore 12 of these health benefits, highlighting their primary and secondary effects on the body.

Health Benefits of Eggplant [1] [2] [3] [4]

  1. Weight Management 

Primary Benefit: Eggplant is low in calories and high in fiber, making it an excellent addition to a weight management diet. Its high fiber content promotes a feeling of fullness, reducing overeating and aiding in weight loss

Secondary Benefit: The fiber in eggplant helps regulate digestion, promoting regular bowel movements and preventing constipation.

  1. Supports Healthy Heart Management 

Primary Benefit: Eggplant contains antioxidants, such as nasunin, that help reduce oxidative stress and inflammation in the body, supporting heart health. 

Secondary Benefit: The fibre and potassium in eggplant contribute to healthy blood pressure levels, reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

  1. May Help Control Blood Sugar

Primary Benefit: Eggplant is rich in fibre and low in carbohydrates, which helps regulate blood sugar levels and prevents spikes and crashes. 

Secondary Benefit: The presence of anthocyanins in eggplant has been linked to improved insulin sensitivity and reduced risk of type 2 diabetes.

  1. Brain Function 

Primary Benefit: The antioxidants in eggplant, particularly nasunin, play a vital role in protecting brain cells from oxidative damage, promoting cognitive function, and reducing the risk of neurodegenerative diseases. 

Secondary Benefit: Eggplant is a source of phytonutrients that support brain health, including improving memory and enhancing overall mental clarity.

  1. Digestive Health

Primary Benefit: The high fibre content in eggplant promotes healthy digestion by preventing constipation and supporting regular bowel movements. 

Secondary Benefit: Eggplant’s natural compounds help protect the digestive system from inflammation and ulcers.

  1. Bone Health 

Primary Benefit: Eggplant is a good source of minerals, such as calcium and potassium, which are essential for maintaining strong bones and preventing conditions like osteoporosis. 

Secondary Benefit: The presence of phenolic compounds in eggplant contributes to bone health by reducing oxidative stress and inflammation.

Can eggplant help with hair growth
  1. Skin Health 

Primary Benefit: The antioxidants in eggplant, including vitamins C and E, help protect the skin from damage caused by free radicals, promoting a youthful appearance and preventing premature ageing. 

Secondary Benefit: The water content in eggplant hydrates the skin, improving its texture and reducing dryness.

  1. Eye Health 

Primary Benefit: Eggplant contains compounds like lutein and zeaxanthin, which are essential for maintaining healthy vision and reducing the risk of age-related macular degeneration. 

Secondary Benefit: The antioxidants in eggplant help protect the eyes from oxidative stress and inflammation.

  1. Anti-inflammatory Properties 

Primary Benefit: Eggplant contains phytonutrients, such as anthocyanins and chlorogenic acid, which possess anti-inflammatory properties, reducing inflammation in the body and alleviating symptoms of inflammatory conditions. 

Secondary Benefit: The antioxidants in eggplant neutralize free radicals, preventing cellular damage and further reducing inflammation.

  1. Cancer Prevention 

Primary Benefit: Eggplant is rich in antioxidants that help protect cells from DNA damage and prevent the growth of cancer cells, reducing the risk of certain types of cancer. 

Secondary Benefit: The presence of chlorogenic acid in eggplant has been associated with inhibiting the growth of cancer cells and preventing tumour formation.

  1. Liver Health 

Primary Benefit: Eggplant supports liver health by aiding in the elimination of toxins and promoting overall liver function. 

Secondary Benefit: The antioxidants in eggplant protect the liver from oxidative stress and damage caused by free radicals.

  1. Immune System Support 

Primary Benefit: The vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants in eggplant strengthen the immune system, helping the body fight against infections and diseases. 

Secondary Benefit: Eggplant’s natural compounds boost immune function by reducing inflammation and supporting overall health.


In conclusion, eggplant is not only a delicious and versatile vegetable but also a powerhouse of health benefits. From weight management and heart health to brain function and immune support, eggplant offers a wide range of advantages. By incorporating eggplant into your diet, you can enjoy these benefits while delighting your taste buds with this nutritious vegetable.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Are there any precautions to consider when consuming eggplant? 

While eggplant is generally safe for consumption, some individuals may be allergic to it. Additionally, individuals with certain medical conditions, such as kidney stones, should consult with a healthcare professional before consuming eggplant regularly.

Can eggplant help with hair growth? 

Although eggplant is not directly linked to hair growth, its nutritional profile supports overall health, which can indirectly contribute to healthy hair.

Is it necessary to peel the skin of the eggplant before cooking? 

The skin of eggplant contains valuable nutrients, including antioxidants and fibre. However, if you find the skin too tough or prefer a softer texture, you can peel it before cooking.

Can eggplant be consumed during pregnancy? 

Eggplant is safe to consume during pregnancy when cooked thoroughly. However, it is always recommended to consult with a healthcare professional regarding specific dietary considerations during pregnancy.

Can eggplant be included in a weight loss diet? 

Yes, eggplant can be a beneficial addition to a weight loss diet. It is low in calories and high in fibre, which can help promote feelings of fullness and reduce overall calorie intake. Additionally, the fibre in eggplant aids in digestion and supports a healthy metabolism. However, it’s important to note that weight loss is a result of a balanced diet and overall lifestyle, so incorporating eggplant alone may not guarantee weight loss. It is best to combine it with other nutritious foods and maintain a calorie deficit for effective and sustainable weight loss.

Disclaimer: The information provided here is for general information and not meant to substitute any medical advice. Please consult your doctor for appropriate medical consultation.


  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8143715/ 
  2. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/338402175_Nutritional_Content_and_Health_Benefits_of_Eggplant#:~:text=Eggplants%20are%20a%20rich%20source,are%20important%20for%20health%20bones.
  3. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/279359 
  4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5207626/

Dr. Deepa Kadam

Dr. Deepa has over 25 years of experience making her one of the notable medical professionals in the field of Ayurveda with expertise in Ayurvedic pharmacology.


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