What is Brahmi: Medicinal properties, benefits, dosage, and more

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In traditional Indian medicine, Ayurveda, the honored herb Bacopa monnieri L., commonly known as Brahmi, has earned an esteemed status. As a time-honored botanical treasure, Brahmi herb is famous for its exceptional memory revitalizing and enhancing capacities. 

Besides being an integral part of Ayurvedic practices, Brahmi has also garnered significant economic value. The Board of National Medicinal Plants reported an estimated annual market demand of 1000 tons for Brahmi in the year 2000, which highlights its popularity. Brahmi remains critical in many Ayurvedic treatments as the demand continues to rise steadily. 

This article explores Brahmi’s top 11 health benefits and understands how they contribute to well-being. [1]

Quick facts about Brahmi

  1. According to Ayurveda, Brahmi gets its name after Brahma, the esteemed creator God in Hinduism, signifying its sacred status in traditional medicine. [2]
  2. Brahmi is available across diverse regions in the wetlands of southern and Eastern India, Australia, Europe, Africa, Asia, and North and South America. [2]
  3. Brahmi’s medicinal properties were initially documented around the 6th century A.D. in texts like the Charaka Samhita, Atharva-Veda, and Susrut Samhita. It was classified as a medhya rasayana-class herb, known for sharpening intellect and easing mental deficits. [2]
  4. Ancient Vedic scholars used Brahmi to memorize extensive sacred hymns and scriptures. [2]
  5. The leaves of Brahmi, typically consumed at a rate of 2-3 per day, are commonly chewed, like a general tonic or vitamin supplement. [2]

What is Brahmi?

Brahmi is a perennial and creeping herb revered for generations in Ayurvedic and traditional medicinal practices across the globe. Characterized by its non-aromatic nature, this herb has succulent, oblong leaves contributing to its distinctive profile. Within Ayurvedic medicine, Brahmi holds significant value. Its main indications include memory improvement, addressing insomnia, and mitigating epilepsy. The plant’s rich history and varied uses highlight its reputation as a botanical powerhouse. [2]

Different names of Brahmi

Here are some of the different names of Brahmi. [3]

  1. Water Hyssop
  2. Thyme-Leaved Gratiola
  3. The Herb Of Grace

Chemical composition of Brahmi

Here’s the chemical composition of Brahmi per 100g. [4]

Moisture88.4 gm
Protein2.1 gm
Fat0.6 gm
Carbohydrates5.9 gm
Crude Fiber1.05 gm
Ash1.9 gm
Calcium202.0 mg
Phosphorus16.0 mg
Ascorbic Acid63.0
Nicotinic Acid0.3
Iron7.8 mg
Energy38 cal

Chemical structure of Brahmi

Here’s the chemical structure of some well-known saponins available in Brahmi.

qxUzCV2n6UPWu0tPeZozht1k8YIXnT8EbpecStw4bY85lxDvOybwiLALX1MEXwYsbeaSY2EbOY9VDjS2z85JyqQu7RTqCkZL7H34X9fCNEFs Tda0TNFLoczED8fF4LYzERaF jMPzWCGJBj9dId zM


Medicinal properties of Brahmi

Brahmi plant benefits include the following:

1. Antispasmodic

Brahmi exhibits antispasmodic properties, offering relief from muscle spasms and contractions. [4]

2. Anticholinesterase

Known for its anticholinesterase activity, Brahmi can modulate cholinergic neurotransmission, potentially beneficial for cognitive functions. [4]

3. Neuroprotective

The herb showcases neuroprotective qualities, safeguarding the nervous system and potentially aiding in preventing neurological disorders. [4]

4. Antioxidant

As an antioxidant, Brahmi combats oxidative stress. It mitigates damage caused by free radicals and contributes to cellular health. [4]

5. Alzheimer’s Disease

With relevance to neurodegenerative diseases, Brahmi has a potential for Alzheimer’s disease, given its neuroprotective and cognitive-enhancing properties. [4]

6. Antidepressant

Brahmi’s antidepressant effects make it a candidate for mental health support, potentially influencing mood regulation. [4]

7. Broncho vasodilatory

The herb’s broncho vasodilatory properties can aid in respiratory health, facilitating bronchial dilation and improving airflow. [4]

8. Antiulcerogenic

Brahmi demonstrates antiulcerogenic properties, suggesting its potential to protect the gastrointestinal lining and prevent ulcer formation. [4]

9. Anti-inflammatory

Possessing anti-inflammatory attributes, Brahmi may alleviate inflammation and contribute to managing inflammatory conditions. [4]

10. Antibacterial

The herb’s antibacterial properties make it a contender in combating bacterial infections and promoting immune health. [4]

11. Anticancer

Ongoing research explores Brahmi’s potential as an anticancer agent, with studies investigating its impact on inhibiting cancer cell growth. [4]

12. Cell stabilization

Brahmi contributes to cell stabilization, potentially aiding in maintaining cellular integrity and function. [4]

13. Antileishmanial

With antileishmanial properties, Brahmi can help combat parasitic infections caused by Leishmania. [4]

Brahmi benefits 

Here are the various Brahmi benefits you should know.

1. Boosts cognition

Brahmi benefits for brain are immense. It has cognitive-enhancing properties that can sharpen intellect, enhance memory, and promote cognitive function.

2. Treats cognitive disorders

With its potential neuroprotective effects, Brahmi may play a role in treating cognitive disorders. [2]

3. Reduces anxiety & stress

Brahmi has anxiolytic properties, which relieve anxiety and stress. It is a natural remedy to soothe the mind and promote mental well-being. [2]

4. Anti-inflammatory capacity

The herb’s anti-inflammatory attributes contribute to reducing inflammation in the body. It can ease discomfort associated with inflammatory conditions. [2]

5. Antioxidant content

Brahmi’s rich antioxidant content shields against oxidative stress, protecting cells from the damage due to free radicals. [2]

6. Improves respiratory health

Brahmi’s broncho vasodilatory properties support respiratory health by facilitating bronchial dilation and improving airflow. [2]

7. Boosts immunity

The immune-boosting potential of Brahmi strengthens the body’s defense mechanisms, helping fight infections and promote immune health. [2]

8. Treats epilepsy

Brahmi may offer help in the treatment of epilepsy, with ongoing research exploring its antiepileptic properties and potential role in managing seizure disorders. [2]

9. Skincare

The herb contributes to skincare with its cell-stabilizing properties, potentially promoting skin health and vitality. [2]

10. Reduces blood sugar

Brahmi can potentially regulate blood sugar levels, offering a remedy for managing diabetes. [2]

11. Treats digestive issues

Brahmi’s antiulcerogenic properties benefit digestive health, potentially alleviating issues like ulcers and promoting a healthy gastrointestinal system. [2]

Recommended dosage of Brahmi

Here are a few things to know about the recommended dosage of Brahmi.

1. Traditional daily doses [2]

a. For non-standardized powder

5-10 grams.

b. Infusion

A range of 8-16 mL daily.

c. Syrup

30 mL per day.

2. Fluid extract dosages [2]

a. Adults

A 1:2 fluid extract is ideal at 5-12 mL per day.

b. Children (ages 6-12)

Dosages are typically 2.5-6 mL per day.

3. Standardized extracts (20-percent bacosides A and B) [2]

a. Adults

200-400 mg in divided doses.

b. Children

100-200 mg in divided doses.

How to consume Brahmi

Here’s a guide on how to consume Brahmi for maximum benefit.

1. Powder form

If opting for non-standardized powder, you can easily integrate it into culinary preparations like herbal teas and yogurt.

2. Infusion

Preparing an infusion offers a flexible way to consume Brahmi. Infuse Brahmi leaves in hot water for a soothing tea. Add honey or other herbs for flavor enhancement.

3. Syrup

Brahmi syrup provides a convenient and palatable option. You can take it directly or mix it with water or a beverage for a refreshing intake.

4. Fluid extract

Fluid extract, in a concentrated form, allows for precise and controlled intake.

5. Standardized extracts

Standardized extracts ensure a systematic and controlled approach to harnessing the medicinal properties of Brahmi.

Side effects of Brahmi

Here’s an overview of possible side effects associated with Brahmi.

1. Gastrointestinal discomfort

In some cases, excessive intake of Brahmi may lead to mild gastrointestinal discomfort. Monitoring the dosage and adjusting it can help mitigate these effects.

2. Allergic reactions

Individuals with known allergies to plants in the Scrophulariaceae family, to which Brahmi belongs, may experience allergic reactions. These reactions could be in the form of skin irritation and itching.

3. Drowsiness or fatigue

While beneficial for stress reduction, Brahmi’s calming properties may induce drowsiness or fatigue in some individuals.

Precautions to keep in mind about Brahmi

Here are vital precautions to keep in mind when considering Brahmi.

1. Consultation with healthcare professionals

Consult a healthcare professional before incorporating Brahmi into your routine, especially if you are on medications or have pre-existing health conditions.

2. Interaction with medications

Brahmi may interact with certain medications, like sedatives and antipsychotics. Individuals on prescription drugs must contact a healthcare professional before incorporating Brahmi to avoid potential interactions.

3. Pregnancy and lactation

Pregnant and lactating women must exercise caution and seek medical advice before incorporating Brahmi into their routine.

4. Blood sugar regulation

Diabetic individuals must monitor their sugar closely when using Brahmi, as it may affect blood glucose regulation.

Where to buy Brahmi

Online storePrice
Himalayan Organics₹ 647 (120 Tablets)
IndianJadiBooti₹ 210 (50g powder)
Triphal₹ 99 (100g powder)
Amala Earth₹135 (100g powder)


1. What are the benefits of Brahmi?

Brahmi helps boost cognition, treat cognitive disorders, reduce anxiety and stress, and improve respiratory health. It can also aid in boosting immunity, treating epilepsy, and contributing to skincare.

2. What are the benefits of the Brahmi plant?

The Brahmi plant has many medicinal properties. It has antispasmodic, anticholinesterase, neuroprotective, broncho vasodilatory, antiulcerogenic, antibacterial, and anticancer properties. Additionally, Brahmi can help in enhancing cognitive functions.

3. What is Brahmi Vati?

Brahmi Vati is an Ayurvedic herbal formulation typically containing Brahmi as a critical ingredient. It can help enhance cognitive functions, promote mental clarity, and alleviate stress. Brahmi Vati is available in tablet or capsule form and is a traditional remedy for mental well-being in Ayurvedic practices.

4. What are the uses of Brahmi leaves?

Brahmi leaves are versatile, and you can consume them in various forms. Traditionally, they are chewed (2-3 leaves per day) as a general tonic. Brahmi leaves are also suitable to make infusions for a soothing tea. The leaves contain beneficial compounds that contribute to the herb’s neuroprotective, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties.

5. Can you take Brahmi every day?

In general, you can consume Brahmi daily within recommended dosages. However, individual responses may vary. Adhere to recommended dosages and contact a healthcare professional for personalized guidance.

6. Who cannot take Brahmi?

While Brahmi is generally safe, certain individuals should exercise caution or avoid it. Pregnant and lactating women, individuals with known allergies to the Scrophulariaceae plant family, and those on specific medications must contact a healthcare professional before taking Brahmi.


Brahmi is a botanical gem with many functional and therapeutic benefits that have withstood the test of time. Backed by centuries of traditional use in Ayurvedic medicine, Brahmi uses has remarkable effects on cognition, stress reduction, respiratory health, and more. Clinically proven for its diverse applications, Brahmi can help promote holistic well-being. As with any herbal remedy, it is suitable to contact a healthcare professional before incorporating it into your healthcare regimen.


This article is written from a health and wellness perspective and is not medical advice. Kindly seek the help of a certified medical practitioner before initiating any treatment or dietary modification.


  1. Bacopa monnieri (Brahmi)
  2. “Brahmi” The memory booster medicinal herb
  3. Bacopa monnieri
  4. Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri) as functional food ingredient in food processing industry

Livayur Ayurvedic Team

The LivAyur Team includes more than 10 Ayurveda specialists, with more than 20 years of experience. They have a deep understanding of Ayurveda and are committed to sharing their expertise through our blogs, videos, live sessions, and consultations. Our experts also stay updated & monitor on the latest developments in health and wellness.


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