Also known as Dhaniya, coriander is an aromatic herb popularly used as a flavouring agent in many cuisines. However, it is not only a culinary spice but also a medicinal herb that offers numerous health benefits to the body. According to Ayurveda, coriander seeds can treat many problems such as constipation, indigestion, bloating, urinary tract infections, etc.
About Coriander Seeds
The botanical name of coriander seeds is Coriandrum sativum, and it belongs to the Parsley family. Although they are native to the Mediterranean region, they are now widely cultivated in India in the states of Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh.
Coriander Seeds in Ayurveda
Coriander seeds are known as Dhanyaka in Sanskrit. According to Ayurveda, they are bitter, sweet and pungent in Rasa (taste), and exhibit a hot potency. They are Tridosha Nashak, which means that they help pacify all three Doshas, Vata, Pitta and Kapha.
Medicinal Properties of Coriander Seeds
Coriander seeds are rich in anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, diuretic, expectorant, laxative, digestive, antimicrobial, antioxidative, antibacterial, hypoglycemic and antiseptic properties. They are a good source of various nutrients such as iron, manganese, magnesium, potassium, vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin K and vitamin C.
Therapeutic Uses of Coriander Seeds
- Aids in Diabetes Management:
Coriander seeds exhibit hypoglycemic properties, which help lower blood sugar levels in the body and stimulate insulin production in the pancreas, thereby aiding in diabetes management. They also help to reduce many other symptoms of diabetes such as urination, fatigue, etc.
- Boosts Immune System:
The antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties of coriander seeds are highly beneficial in boosting immunity in the body.
- Promotes Heart Health:
Coriander seeds are one of the best herbs to lower the levels of bad cholesterol and increase the levels of good cholesterol in the body. They are natural diuretics and help flush out excess sodium from the body, thereby regulating blood pressure levels. Rich in flavonoids, coriander seeds also prevent the formation of debris in the arteries and reduce the risk of blood vessels hardening.
- Improves Brain Health:
Coriander seeds are known to be highly effective in managing anxiety and boosting brain health. They help to improve memory and fight against diseases such as Alzheimer’s.
- Boosts Digestion:
According to Ayurveda, coriander seeds are rich in dietary fibres and help to improve the digestive fire in the body. They also help treat many gastrointestinal disorders such as acid reflux, indigestion, abdominal distension, bloating, chronic pain and diarrhoea. Coriander seeds are one of the best herbs to remove Ama or toxins from the body and facilitate the absorption of nutrients, leading to better digestion.
- Fights Infections:
The antimicrobial, antiseptic and antibacterial properties of coriander seeds make them highly effective in preventing and fighting infections such as cough, cold, flu, etc. Coriander seeds are also known to treat chronic conjunctivitis because of their antimicrobial properties.
- Promotes Skin and Hair Health:
Coriander seeds are rich in antibacterial and antioxidative properties. They are highly effective in treating various skin and hair problems such as acne, rashes, boils, dandruff, hair fall, etc. They are also known to prevent ageing and premature greying of the hair.
- Manage Urinary Tract Disorders:
Ayurveda mentions coriander seeds as a Mutral or diuretic herb. They help increase the frequency and volume of urine, thereby treating problems such as kidney stones, urine retention, urinary tract infections, etc.
- Alleviates Nausea:
According to Ayurveda, coriander seeds are also highly beneficial in alleviating nausea and treating severe vomiting.
- Cures Menstruation Irregularities:
Coriander seeds help to regulate the hormonal balance and alleviate heavy bleeding during menstruation. Consumption of coriander seeds during menstruation is also known to reduce period pain.
Coriander is an aromatic spice that not only adds flavour to your food but also provides you with innumerable health benefits. Coriander seeds help prevent and fight against many diseases such as diabetes, heart diseases, gastrointestinal problems, skin disorders, urinary tract disorders, etc. Therefore, regular consumption of coriander seeds can help to boost the overall health of the person.