Turnip: Nutritional Value & 15 Amazing Health Benefits of Turnips

Reviewed by experts

turnip - livayur

When it comes to versatile root vegetables, turnips deserve a spot in the limelight. These humble veggies, known for their distinct flavor and vibrant appearance, pack a powerful nutritional punch. With several vitamins and minerals, turnips offer several health benefits that make them a must-add to your diet. 

This article explores the nutritional value of turnips and delves into the 15 health benefits these unassuming root vegetables bring. So, let’s discover why turnips should feature prominently in your culinary adventures and wellness journey.

What is the turnip?

Turnips, scientifically known as Brassica rapa, are root vegetables that belong to the cruciferous family. People have cultivated and enjoyed them for centuries due to their unique flavor and nutritional properties. These round or bulbous vegetables have white, purple, or yellowish skin, while the inner flesh is usually white or pale yellow. 

Turnips are known for their earthy and slightly peppery taste, which adds a delightful zest to various dishes. With a crunchy texture when raw and a soft, tender consistency when cooked, turnips offer a delicious addition to your meals. [1]

15 health benefits of turnip

Here are 15 ways your health can benefit from consuming turnips: [1]

  • Relieves headaches and chest issues

Turnips have a long history of traditional medicinal use, with applications in treating headaches and chest complaints.

turnip benefits
  • Potent remedy

They effectively alleviate rheumatism, edemas, gonorrhea, syphilis, and even rabies.

  • Anti-cancer

Turnips contain glucosinolates and isothiocyanates, such as 2-phenylmethyl, 4-pentenyl, and 3-butenyl derivatives, contributing to their diverse bioactivities, particularly their protective effect against various cancers.

  • Antitumor

The presence of these compounds gives turnips potential antitumor properties, making them valuable in cancer prevention and treatment.

  • Antihypertensive

Turnips also possess antihypertensive properties, which can help regulate blood pressure levels.

  • Antidiabetic

With their low glycemic index, turnips are beneficial for managing diabetes and maintaining stable blood sugar levels.

  • Antioxidants

Rich in antioxidants, turnips help combat oxidative stress and protect the body against cellular damage caused by free radicals.

  • Anti-inflammatory

The anti-inflammatory properties of turnips contribute to reducing inflammation in the body and mitigating related health conditions.

  • Hepatoprotective

Turnips exhibit hepatoprotective effects, supporting liver health and aiding in detoxification processes.

  • Nephroprotective

Turnips have nephroprotective effects, promoting kidney health and preventing damage to renal tissues.

  • Hypolipidemic

Turnips also demonstrate a hypolipidemic potency, helping to lower cholesterol levels and supporting cardiovascular health.

  • Dietary fiber

The fiber content in turnips aids in digestion, promoting regular bowel movements and preventing constipation.

  • Anti-obesity potency

Turnips are an excellent addition to a weight-loss or weight-management diet.

  • Cardiovascular effects

Turnips have cardiovascular benefits due to their high content of heart-healthy nutrients.

  • Flavonoids

Turnips are a good source of flavonoids, which are plant compounds with antioxidant properties. Flavonoids help protect the body’s cells from damage caused by free radicals.

How to consume turnip

Incorporating turnips into your diet is a simple way to take advantage of their nutritional benefits. Here are some suggestions on how to consume turnips:

  • Raw

Enjoy turnips in their raw form by adding thin slices or grated pieces to salads or slaws. Their crunchy texture and slightly peppery taste add a refreshing element to your dishes.

  • Roasted

Roasting brings out the sweetness and creates a caramelized flavor. Toss peeled and cubed turnips with olive oil, salt, and pepper. Then, roast until tender and golden brown.

  • Mashed

You can boil and mash turnips like potatoes to create a creamy and flavorful side dish. Add a touch of butter or cream, season with herbs and spices, and mash until smooth.

  • Steamed

Steaming turnips is a quick and healthy cooking method that preserves nutrients. Slice or cube the turnips and steam until tender. Enjoy them as a side dish or incorporate them into stir-fries.

  • Soups and stews

Turnips are excellent in soups and stews, adding a mild, earthy flavor and a hint of sweetness. Add diced turnips to your favorite recipes and let them simmer until they are soft and flavorful.

  • Pickled

Pickling turnips is a popular method that adds tanginess and preserves them for a longer shelf life. Slice the turnips, then soak them in a mixture of vinegar, water, and spices for a few days before enjoying them as a condiment or snack.

  • Grilled

For a unique twist, try grilling turnips. Slice them into thick rounds or wedges, brush with olive oil, and grill until tender with beautiful grill marks.

how to consume turnip

Turnip and Ayurveda

Turnips have long been valued in Ayurveda for their therapeutic properties and health benefits. According to Ayurvedic principles, turnips possess qualities that can influence our well-being based on their taste (rasa), energy (virya), and a post-digestive effect (vipaka).

In Ayurveda, turnips have a cooling energy (virya) and a sweet taste (rasa). It makes them particularly beneficial for pacifying Pitta dosha, the dosha associated with heat and inflammation. Turnips can help balance excess heat in the body and support a calm and relaxed state.

Turnips are also known for their digestive benefits, as they stimulate the digestive fire (agni) and promote healthy digestion. Including turnips in your diet can help promote stability and nourishment.

As with any dietary recommendations, consulting with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner is essential to understand how to incorporate turnips into your individual constitution and health needs. They can provide personalized guidance on the appropriate quantity and preparation methods for optimal benefits.


What is the scientific name of turnip?

The scientific name of turnip is Brassica rapa. It belongs to the Brassicaceae family and is part of the same family as cabbage, broccoli, and kale.

What is turnip?

Turnip is a root vegetable that belongs to the cruciferous family. The term “turnip” describes both the vegetable itself and the plant it grows from.

What are turnip benefits?

Turnips are rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, which support immunity and digestion. They have potential anti-inflammatory, antitumor, antihypertensive, and antioxidant properties.

How to consume turnip vegetables?

You can eat raw turnips by slicing or grating them in salads or slaws. You can also roast, mash, steam, or grill turnips. Each method offers a unique flavor and texture.

How to grow a turnip plant?

Prepare well-drained soil with organic matter. Sow turnip seeds directly into the garden bed and space them accordingly. Ensure the ground remains consistently moist and has adequate sunlight. Thin the seedlings as they grow to allow space for proper development. Harvest turnips when they reach the desired size, typically around 6-8 weeks after sowing.


Turnips are an extraordinary root vegetable that adds flavor and vibrancy to your meals. They also offer impressive health benefits. Packed with essential nutrients, antioxidants, and fiber, turnips support digestion, cardiovascular health, and immune function. 

Whether you enjoy them raw in salads, roasted as a side dish, or incorporated into soups and stews, turnips provide a nutritious addition to your culinary experience. So why not embrace the goodness of turnips and savor their remarkable health benefits as you embark on your journey toward a healthier lifestyle?


The information provided here is not intended to replace professional advice or treatment.


  1. Phytochemical and Health-Beneficial Progress of Turnip (Brassica rapa)

Dr. Deepa Kadam

Dr. Deepa has over 25 years of experience making her one of the notable medical professionals in the field of Ayurveda with expertise in Ayurvedic pharmacology.